In 1999, Mark Lombardi produced the 5th version of his drawing George W. Bush, Harken Energy, and Jackson Stephens, c. 1979–90, which included financial connections between the Bin Laden family (including Osama bin Laden), the Bush family (including George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush), and various Saudi and US commercial interests. Although in a different media, Lombardi’s drawing is in the tradition of the Guerrilla Art Action Group’s (GAAG) A Call for the Immediate Resignation of All the Rockefellers from the Board of Trustees of the Museum of Modern Art, November 10, 1969. Anti-Vietnam War protesters were spied upon by the FBI and other state surveillance agencies. Surveillance was also used to monitor those interested in uncovering possible causal connections for the attacks on the USA on September 11, 2001, including theories that it was related to “blowback”, a CIA Cold War term first used in March 1954 as a metaphor for the unintended consequences of the US Government’s international activities that have been kept secret from the American people.
“Conspiracy so immense”